History of Aircraft
History of JAL
History of Uniforms





1951-1960 The Propeller AgeHistory of JAL

1951


 JAL


5.22


Acquired business license to provide domestic scheduled air transportation service.Merged with Japan Air Transport (Koshichi Suzuki, Representative).

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8.1
Established Japan Air Lines (capital: ¥100 million; chairman: Aiichiro Fujiyama; president: Seijiro Yanagita; headquarters: Ginza, Chuo-ku, Tokyo). Opened the Tokyo sales office at the company's headquarters and the Tokyo office at Haneda Airport

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8.15
Opened the Fukuoka office and the Sapporo district office.
8.20
First group of female flight attendants joined the company.

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8.27
Held invitation flights through August 29 on the DC3, "Kinsei," leased from Philippine Airlines.

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9.1
Opened Osaka office.

9.20
Established company emblem.

10.11
Concluded contract to commission Northwest Airlines to handle flight operations.

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10.25
Launched the first private domestic airline service in Japan in the postwar period with Northwest Airlines in charge of flight operations. The Martin 202 "Mokusei" was the first aircraft to enter service. Initially offered standard fares, discounted round trip fares, and discounted family fares (standard fares: Tokyo - Osaka: ¥6,000; Osaka - Fukuoka: ¥5,520; Tokyo - Fukuoka: ¥11,520; Tokyo - Sapporo: ¥10,200).

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11.1
Began operating regularly scheduled flights (daily flights: Tokyo - Sapporo, one round trip; Tokyo - Osaka, three round trips; Tokyo - Osaka - Fukuoka, one round trip).

11.2
The DC4 "Tenosei" was the third aircraft to enter service.

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 Transportation and Society

12.22 Domestic terminal completed at Haneda Airport.



1952




2.2


The Sapporo district office became the Sapporo office.

4.9

The Martin 202 "Mokusei" crashed on Mt. Mihara in Izu Oshima, killing all 37 passengers on board.

6.25
Concluded contract with Japan's Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications to provide postal transport services.

7.1
Established Japan Aircraft Maintenance Company (JAMCO; capital: ¥50 million; president: Seijiro Yanagita). (Registered on July 7.)

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9.1
The first aircraft owned by JAL, the DC4 "Takachiho," arrived at Tokyo International Airport.

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9.20
The DC4 "Takachiho" entered service on the Tokyo - Osaka - Fukuoka route.

10.13
Decision made to send 11 pilots and 2 flight navigators to the TALOA training facility.

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10.24
Purchased third aircraft, the DC4 "Tokachi" (formerly the Northwest aircraft "Tenosei").

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3.14


Ban lifted on the manufacture of weapons, aircraft, and ships.

7.1

Implementation of national resident registration.


1953





6.20


First two Japanese certified as flight navigators.

8.1

The Japan Airlines Law was enacted.

8.4
First Japanese certified as DC4 co-pilot by the Japan Civil Aviation Bureau. Established preparatory office for the founding of the new Japan Airlines.
8.10
First group of male flight attendants joined the company.
10.1
Established the new Japan Airlines (capital: ¥2 billion; chairman: Kunizo Hara, president: Seijiro Yanagita) and dissolved the former Japan Air Lines.
12.9
Opened New York sales office.

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12.15
Opened Honolulu office.




2.1


NHK television began broadcasting.

10.8
Japan became the 61st member of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
The Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention) took place in Japan.


1954




1.7
Opened Los Angeles sales office

2.2


Began service to San Francisco (first international route: DC6B).

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2.5

Began service to Naha (DC6B).

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2.22
JAMCO begins Japan's first complete overhaul operation on the DC4 "Tokachi" (completed June 7).

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8.23
The Emperor and Empress of Japan flew on JAL for the first time, from Sapporo to Tokyo.

9.1
Opened Hong Kong office.
10.23
First two Japanese certified as DC4 pilots.
12.6
Opened Chicago sales office.

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1.20


Work began on the Marunouchi subway line (Ikebukuro - Ochanomizu).

7.15
The Boeing 707 logs its first flight.
10.1
Civil Aviation College opened in Miyazaki.


1955




2.4


Began service to Hong Kong (DC6B).

12.7

First two Japanese certified as DC6B pilots (first Japanese pilots on an international route).





3.3


First graduating class of the Civil Aviation College.

5.15
Completion of Tokyo International Airport Terminal Building (opened May 20).



1956




5.25


First bond issuance worth 500 million (government guaranteed; applied to advances on DC8 aircraft and other expenditures).
Established business machines preparatory office.


9.13

Began service on Fukuoka - Naha route (DC4).
9.17
Opened Bangkok office.

10.4
Began service to Bangkok (DC6B).




4.16


Establishment of the Japan Highway Public Corporation.

4.21

Opening of Chofu Airport.
4.28
Restoration of Japan's international aviation rights.
10.19
Japan - Soviet Union announced a joint declaration to restore diplomatic ties. Signing of commerce and navigation protocol (took effect December 12).
10.25
Nippon Telegraph & Telephone Public Corporation launched telex (subscription telephone) service between major Japanese cities.
12.18
Japan approved as a member of the United Nations General Assembly.


1957




4.1


First use of Japanese pilot, co-pilot, and engineer on San Francisco route.
JAMCO established Skill Apprenticeship System (name changed to Skill Training in October 1962).

7.20

Sold Aurora package tours to offer discounted late-night flights on the Tokyo - Sapporo route (available until August 20; operated every summer thereafter).

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9.6
Opened London sales office.

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12.23
The first DC7C "City of San Francisco" arrived at Tokyo International Airport.





-.-


Japan's recession hit its bottom from the second half of this year to the second half of the following year.



1958




2.12


DC7C entered service on the San Francisco route.

5.8

Began service to Singapore (DC6B).
6.23

The Crown Prince of Japan flew a JAL scheduled flight for the first time, from Tokyo to Sapporo.





1.31


The US launched the Explorer 1 satellite.

4.12

Air France began polar route (over the pole) service to Tokyo (Constellation).
Aeroflot made its first flight to Tokyo International Airport (carrying the Leningrad Symphony Orchestra; TU104A).

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6.30

Full return of Tokyo International Airport.



1959




1.26



Completed operation center (opened on February 15).


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5.2

Began cargo service to San Francisco.
5.28

Began service to Los Angeles via Honolulu (DC-7C)
6.12
Opened Taipei office.
7.30
Began service to Taipei (DC6B).
8.15
Began "oshibori" service on domestic flights and "happi coat" and "wagon" services on international routes.
Established trademark and changed the typeface for the company's English name.
10.12
Presided over the 15th IATA Conference (held in Tokyo through October 16 with JAL President Yanagita acting as chairman).

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1.1


Complete adoption of the metric system.



1960




8.15


Opened Rome office.

10.18

Opened Frankfurt office.

11.1
DC8 entered service on the Seattle route (the entire JAL fleet then comprised of jets, with the exception of cargo flights on Pacific routes).

11.2
DC8 entered service on direct flights to Hong Kong.















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