History of Aircraft
History of JAL
History of Uniforms





1991-2001 Network AgeHistory of JAL


1991


 JAL

1.10


Nippon Express and Yamato Transport jointly established Japan Universal System Transport (JUST) as Japan's first cargo-only airline.


1.11


Japan Creative Tours changed its product name from JALPAK to I'll. The company changed its name to JALPAK on April 1.

1.28


Operated government-chartered rescue flights to return victims of the Gulf War to their home countries (two flights departing Cairo). Operated two additional flights on January 30.
4.1


JAL Flight Academy, under the new name J-AIR, began service between Hiroshima and Oita and Hiroshima and Matsuyama (two flights daily on each route).
7.1
Japan Air Charter began service between Fukuoka and Honolulu (DC-10 charter) with its first aircraft.
Commenced use of automated check-in systems on domestic routes.
8.26
Established the JAL Award to be presented to sumo tournament champions starting with the fall tournament.
10.28
Selected the B777 as the next mid-size passenger aircraft. Announced the introduction of 20 B777 aircraft from fiscal 1995 (10 guaranteed with the option of 10 more).
10.30
Ended Polar route service to Europe via Anchorage, which started in June 1961, with the final flight 437 to Paris (departed Anchorage as flight 438 on October 31).
illustration6

11.1
B747-400SR "Sky Cruiser" entered service on domestic routes.



 Transportation and Society

10.16 Japan Universal System Transport began cargo service on Haneda - Sapporo route.

11.13 First dedicated government aircraft (B747-400) arrived at Haneda Airport.

11.21 The first Symposium for Narita Airport Issues was held.



1992




1.15


JAL began serving its original drink, "Sky Time", on international routes (introduced on domestic routes at the end of March).

2.15


Established a Service Committee chaired by JAL Chairman Matsuo Toshimitsu in order to develop quality services that would attribute to maximizing customer satisfaction.

3.21

Air transport of 28 tons of powdered milk from Tokyo (Narita) to Khabarovsk was air tranported as emergency food for the far eastern region of the former Soviet Union (CIS) (through September 25).

4.13

Operated chartered flight (DC-10) for a delegation of the Japan Socialist Party visiting North Korea (returned April 16).

5.18

Last flight of JAL's first B747 (JA8101) from Honolulu to Tokyo (Narita) after 22 years in active service.
Announced sponsorship of J-League soccer team Shimizu FC S-Pulse.

6.1

Began offering UDON de SKY as an original in-flight menu item in executive class on long-distance international routes.
illustration6

7.1

In-flight release of the animated movie KURENAI NO BUTA (Porco Rosso) directed by Hayao Miyazaki on international flights prior to the nationwide release. This was the movie industry's first in-flight premire showing.

7.19

Operated chartered flight from Tokyo (Narita) to Barcelona for the Japanese Olympic team participating in the Barcelona Olympic Games. Returned from Barcelona to Tokyo (Narita) on August 10.

7.29

Joint development with Shinko Metal Products of the world's first water shipping container designed for air transportation of live fish.





2.8


Opening of the 16th Winter Olympic Games in Albertville (held through February 23).

4.1
The administration and operation of the two dedicated government aircraft were transferred from the Prime Minister's Office to the Defense Agency.
7.25
Opening of the 25th Olympic Games in Barcelona (held through August 9).
8.24
China and South Korea signed a joint declaration establishing diplomatic relations, and the declaration took effect on the same day. Taiwan broke off diplomatic relations with South Korea at the same time.
12.6
Passenger Terminal 2 Building opened at Narita Airport. The main building and satellite cover an area of 280,000 m2, and can accommodate a maximum of 20 million passengers per year.


1993





1.1


In Japan, a frequent flyers program for international flights is introduced.

4.23


In conjunction with the JAL Foundation and the Japan Meteorological Agency, JAL began making regular observations of the upper atmosphere with aircraft equipped with automatic atmospheric sampling equipment (one sample per month).

7.1
Japan's "Southwest Airlines" changed its name to Japan Trans Ocean Air.
9.27
Opened the west passenger terminal at Haneda Airport. Operations began on August 27.
11.29  
JAL received its first MD-11. Began its service on April 1, 1994.




5.24


The Symposium for Narita Airport Issues was held. The Anti-Airport League stated their acceptance of the Sumiya Study Group's findings that the government should: (1) annul the application for arbitration concerning land expropriation, (2) go back to square one in planning the second phase of construction on runways B and C, and (3) develop an appropriate platform for resolving issues pertaining to Narita Airport from that point forward.



1994




2.1


Established priority guest reservation center at Tokyo office to assist in providing services to customers with disabilities.

3.25

Announced that the MD-11 fleet would be named "J-Bird," and that each aircraft would be given names of rare Japanese birds. Fleet entered service on April 1, 1994.

4.1   Introduced special economy class discount fare, Goku (zonepex fares), on international routes.

4.28
Decided to introduce seven B737-400 as small size aircraft for use on domestic routes. Took delivery on May 31, 1995, named the aircraft on August 21, and put them in service on September 1.

6.4
Japan Air Charter began service under a wet lease operation of scheduled JAL flights between Tokyo (Narita) and Honolulu.

7.22
Japan TransOcean Air introduced B737-400 aircraft.

8.1
The first JAL Dream Express, with Mickey Mouse and friends painted on the airplane body, entered service on the Tokyo (Haneda) - Sapporo and Tokyo (Haneda) - Fukuoka routes.
illustration6

8.1
Commissioned to provide ground handling services for government aircraft during Prime Minister of Japan Tomiichi Murayama's Asian tour.





6.30


 Inauguration of the coalition cabinet of Prime Minister of Japan Tomiichi Murayama.

10.11
Narita Airport Roundtable Conference concluded with an agreement on the recommendations of the Sumiya Study Group to establish a third party organization for runway planning and to promote harmony with the local community.



1995




1.17


Established earthquake response headquarters in the wake of the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake. Offered the government free use of cargo plans to transport aid materials.

4.10
For its efforts in solving environmental problems (JAL Aims To Be Environmentally Friendly), JAL received the Fuji TV Award as a preeminent corporate contributor at the Fourth Global Environment Awards.

6.-
Leading the domestic airline industry, the JAL web site was launched.

6.20
Began Anytime Check-In Service, which allows passengers to check in at any time on the departure date.

8.4
Signed an agreement with American Airlines to form a partnership in the area of computer reservation systems (CRS). The agreement included the transfer of a 25% equity stake in Access International Network.

10.20
First JAL female employee acquired the class-1 aircraft maintenance engineer license issued by JCAB (Japan Civil Aviation Bureau).

11.15
The JAL Foundation's environmental observation and monitoring project received the Nikkei Environmental Technical Award presented by Nihon Keizai Shimbun.
11.16
Received approval from the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to provide maintenance services for US registered aircraft leased to JAL.
12.6
Decided to introduce a new plane design for jumbo freighters. Changed its JAL CARGO logo design to SUPER LOGISTICS in February 1996.






1996




4.1


Established a single nationwide toll-free number for telephone reservation for both international and domestic flights.

4.26
First Sirius B777 (Star Jet) named "Sirius" entered service on Tokyo (Haneda) - Kagoshima route.

7.1
Introduced JSPEED (priority loading system) as part of SUPER LOGISTICS. Began accepting reservations 24-hours a day via the Internet for all domestic cargo flights.

7.27
Moved headquarters to JAL Building at Tennozu (Higashi Shinagawa, Shinagawa-ku). Construction completed on June 28.
illustration6

9.20
Flight Operation Center (FOC) commenced operation at the JAL Building.

9.27
Concluded agreement with US-based Walt Disney Attractions to be a partnership airline.

10.1
Introduced JAL's executive class, SEASONS; A complete renewal of services, including seats, in-flight food, airport lounges, and so forth. Announced on September 4.
New uniforms, designed by Yoshie Inaba, introduced for both male and female flight attendants. Press release on July 3.




10.15


Hokkaido Airlines announced that it would begin providing service on domestic routes.



1997




1.16


Expanded Internet services to include reservations for international flights.

1.24
Announced offer of free plane tickets between Tokyo (Narita) and Komatsu (Kanazawa) for volunteers to help clean up the crude oil spill in Mikuni-cho, Fukui Prefecture (January 29 to February 28).

4.1
Established JAL Express (JEX) to operate B737 aircraft.
Introduced JAL Mileage Bank (JMB) for domestic routes as well. Gave away 30,000 original JAL tamagochi as commemorative gifts (through June 30).

4.23
Operated a round trip flight (chartered by Japan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs) from Tokyo (Narita) to Lima upon the settlement of the hostage-taking incident at the Japanese Embassy in Lima (returned April 28).

8.27   Concluded agreement to sell 20 DC-10-40 aircraft (sales period: 1997-2005). with plans to replace them with new generation aircraft such as the B777.

9.5   Named as the official airline of the Nagano Olympics.

9.23   Japan's first female pilot in the scheduled air transport business flies from Tokyo (Haneda) to Hakodate as a co-pilot on a B747.

12.17   Operated chartered flight to transport the Nagano Olympic torch (departing Tokyo (Narita) to Athens via Frankfurt on JL5417).





6.20


Denver Summit (23rd summit of leading industrial countries, held until June 22).



1998




1.14


Sent relief and aid to areas affected by the major earthquake in Hebei, China. Supported the aid activities of the Association of Medical Doctors of Asia (AMDA) by providing free transport for doctors and relief supplies.

2.25
Agreed to a comprehensive code share alliance with American Airlines. The heads of both companies held a joint press conference.
Envisioned a gradual expansion of code sharing to cover more than 100 routes.

4.6
Acquired ISO 9001 certification for the quality control and quality assurance system of export services at the Narita cargo office. JAL was the first domestic airline to acquire such certification.

5.18
Operated a total of 10 emergency flights departing Jakarta to evacuate Japanese residents under the outbreak of rising conflict between the Indonesian government and local protesters.

9.1
Implemented smoking ban on all domestic flights.

9.16
Decided to allow IT faces (packaged tour discount price) to be eligible for instanting mileage points for JAL Mileage Bank (JMB). Implemented on October 1.

11.19
After 28 years since taking delivery of its first B747, JAL accepted delivery of its 100th B747 (including one for Japan Asia Airways) at Boeing's Everett plant.

illustration6




6.30


Opening of the new Kuala Lumpur International Airport.

7.6

Opening of the new Hong Kong International Airport.



1999




1.11


Developed and introduced JAL ONLINE service that allows corporate customers to make direct reservations and purchase tickets for domestic flights using a personal computer.

1.18
Maintenance Component Center (Haneda) acquired ISO 14001 certification. JAL is the first domestic airline to receive such certification.

2.22
Introduced JAL i-mode Reservation Service for new i-mode capable mobile phones.

4.1
Began disclosure of safety and flight operation data on JAL's web site.
Implemented total smoking ban on international flights.
Japan Trans Ocean Air introduced new uniforms for the cabin crew.

5.17
JALPAK launched eTravel, a members-only comprehensive travel web site that provides a variety of travel information via the Internet.

10.1
Spun off Japan Air Charter to provide scheduled flight service. Company named changed to "JALways".
JAL Information Technology acquired ISO 9002 certification.

10.22
J-AIR announced the introduction of the CRJ-200 regional jet manufactured by Bombardier Aerospace of Canada.

illustration10

12.15
JAL unveiled its JA8050 B747-400 equipped with a new MAGIC-II system that enabled passengers to enjoy 18 music channels, 17 video channels, and 7 different games, all at their own seat.

12.31
Established Emergency Y2K Transition Headquarters to cope with the year 2000 computer problem. No Y2K releted malfunction was observed.





9.21


Japan's Ministry of Transport announced the completion of Y2K measures in each area of domestic air, rail, and shipping transportation and published a summary of the International Civil Aviation Organization's (ICAO) report on overseas air transport.

12.1


Japan's Ministry of Transport approved the construction of a provisional parallel runway at Narita Airport.



2000




1.27


Announced agreement with Oriental Land to be an official sponsor of the new theme park Tokyo Disney Sea.

3.16

Announced its appointment by the Japan Olympic Committee's (JOC) to become the official airline of the Sydney Olympics.

4.28

In conjunction with ANA and JAS, provided tickets to and from Sapporo for volunteers to provide relief support following the eruption of Mount Usu in Hokkaido.

6.12

AAS Catering acquired ISO 9002 certification in an extremely short time of eight months.

7.1
Began shuttle service in conjunction with ANA and JAS between Tokyo (Haneda) and Osaka (Itami and Kansai).

7.7
Commissioned to provide ground services for 37 chartered flights, 13 mixed VIP-scheduled flights, and 10 unscheduled flights (of these, three TransOcean flights) for the Kyushu-Okinawa Summit (through July 13).

7.9
As the official airline of the Sydney Olympics, aircraft specially painted with the JOC emblem and "Ganbare! Nippon (Go Japan!)" entered service on domestic routes.

7.25
Introduced JAL Domestic Cash Ticketless service that allows customers to pay with cash 24-hours-a-day at convenience stores.

10.30
JAL enabled customers to use Internet banking at convenience stores to pay for international tickets purchased online

11.29
JAL, ANA, and JAS established Kokunaisen.com as a joint venture. This collaborative web site for selling domestic routes began operation in April 2001.





5.10


The Upper House approved and enacted the Barrier-Free Transportation Law.

6.20


Fairinc acquired business license from Japan's Ministry of Transport.

12.12


Japan's Ministry of Transport announced the authorization of international charter flights and international business flights from Haneda Airport between the hours of 11:00 PM and 6:00 AM, effective on February 1, 2001.











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