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Safety Events, etc.

Administrative Dispositions and Administrative Guidance

Administrative Disposition

Issued to business operators when the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) deems it necessary to secure safe transportation. Article 112 (Business Improvement Order), Article 113 -2 - (3) (Rescission of permission for entrustment of management of business and order to improve management of entrusted business) and Article 119 (Suspension of Business and Cancellation of License) of the Civil Aeronautics Act fall under this category.

Administrative Guidance

Issued to business operators when requested by the MLIT to improve their operations, even in cases that do not apply to an Administrative Disposition. A Business Improvement Advisory and Administrative Warning fall under this category.

Aircraft Accident

Fatal or serious injury of an person as a result of the operation of an aircraft, or an aircraft crash, collision or fire, as classified by the Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT).

Serious Incident

An incident involving circumstances indicating that there was a high probability of an accident, such as overrunning, emergency evacuation, fire or smoke inside the cabin and abnormal depressurization, encountering abnormal weather conditions, etc, as classified by the Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT).

Safety Events

Article 111-4 of the Civil Aeronautics Act and Article 221-2-3 and 4 of the Ordinance for Enforcement of the Civil Aeronautics Act mandate reporting to the MLIT, and the following situations are applicable. Accidents specified in each item of Article 76 (1) of the Civil Aeronautics Act and situations (serious incident) in Article 76 (2) of the Act do not fall under this category. Generally speaking, they do not immediately lead to an aircraft accident.

Classification of Safety Events and Examples

  • System problems [Example] Engine trouble, communications/electric system problems
  • Problems with emergency equipment [Example] Malfunction of fire and smoke detectors
  • Flight operations exceeding operating limitations [Example] Operations in exceedance of speed limits
  • Rapid maneuvering according to instructions from warning equipment [Example] Operation according to instructions from the Traffic alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS)

In FY2021, the number of safety events decreased by 23 from the previous year to 286 due to a decrease in events classified in Others (virus sanitizers carried on board). For details, refer to JAL Group Safety Report.

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